Improving Economics of Using Saline Water in Arid and Semi-Arid Areas Through Integrated Aqua-Agriculture Systems (IAAS)
Desalination systems are increasingly used to augment water supply in arid and semi-arid areas worldwide, but the safe disposal of brine remains a key environmental issue. This research project will set up and test a pilot-scale Integrated Aqua-Agriculture System (IAAS). Researchers will treat brackish groundwater using a reverse osmosis (RO) unit. The resulting freshwater will be used to irrigate crops, and the brine water will be used to irrigate salt-tolerant crops and for aquiculture. The performance, cost, and potential revenue from the IAAS will be evaluated for replication and scalability.